Glossary

A glossary of shipping related terms

 
 
 
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AA to AWIWL

AA - always afloat
AAAA - always afloat, always accessible
ABS - America Bureau of Shipping (US classification society/standard)
Abt - about
A/C - air changes (see elvent below) or account
A/D/A (or ADA) - all details about
Adcom - address commission
AG - Arabian Gulf 
ARAG - Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp-Ghent
AFSPS - arrival first sea pilot station
Aft - at or towards the stern of a ship
Aground - when the ship touches bottom
AGW - all going well
AHL - Australian hold ladders (ladders in the ships holds meeting the requirements of the Australian trades unions)
Amidships - at or towards to centre of a ship
AOB - as on board
AP - additional premium (insurance) or all purposes
APS - arrival pilot station
ARA - Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp
Arb - arbitration
ATDNSHINC - any time day/night Sundays & holidays included
ATM - at the money
ATS - all time saved (laytime)
ATUTC - actual time used to count (in relation to laytime)
AWRI - additional war risk insurance
AWIWL - always within Institute Warranty Limits

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BAF to BWAD

BAF - bunker adjustment factor
Bale capacity - cubic capacity of a cargo hold or holds measured as if cargo of bales/pallets
Ballast - weight taken on board by a ship other than cargo for stability purposes when empty or for making the ship lower in the water (ballast is usually sea water)
Ballast bonus - a bonus paid to the ship owner for compensation for ballasting the ship to a delivery place
BBB - before breaking bulk (meaning prior to the commencement of discharging from the ship)
BC (or B/C) - bulk carrier
Beam or BM - the extreme width of a ship
BENDS - both ends (i.e. load and discharge ports)
BHF - Bulk Harmless Fertiliser
BIMCO - Baltic and International Maritime Council
B/L - bill of lading (document signed by the carrier, which acts as a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo)
BN - booking note (sometimes issued as a contract for a simple voyage)
BOB - bunkers on board
BOffer - best offer
Bow - the forward part of a ship
Brokerage - commission payable to the ship broker
BSS - basis
BT - berth terms
Bulkhead - vertical partition in the ship separating compartments
Bunkers - name given for the fuels used to propel a vessel
BWAD - brackish water arrival draft (brackish is neither fresh water or salt water)

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CMB to C/V/E

CBM - cubic meters.
CBFT (or CUFT or CFT) - cubic feet 
CIF - cost, insurance and freight 
CFR (or C&F) - cost and freight
CHABE - charterer’s agents both ends
CHOPT - charterer's option
COA - contract of affreightment – a contract (charter party) for a specific number of voyages 
COB
- close of business 
COGSA - carriage of goods by sea act
COLREG - prevention of collisions at sea convention 
CONCS - concentrates 
CONS consumption – quantity of fuel used by the ships engine 
COP - custom of (the) port 
CP (or C/P) - charter party 
CQD - customary quick despatch
CST - centistokes (measure of the viscosity of fuel oil)
C/V/E - cables/victualling/entertainment

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DA to DWAT

DA (or D/A) - disbursement account 
DAP - Di-Ammonium Phosphate 
DAPS - days all purposes (the total number of days for loading & discharging) 
DD - drydock 
DEM - demurrage 
DES - despatch
DDFRT - deadfreight 
DHDATSBE - demurrage half despatch on all time saved both ends 
DHDLTSBE - demurrage half despatch on all laytime saved both ends 
DHDWTSBE - demurrage half despatch on working time saved both ends 
DISCH - discharge 
DLOSP - dropping last outward sea pilot 
DOC - document of compliance (under ISM code see below) 
DOP - dropping outward pilot 
DOT - department of transport
DNRSAOCLONL - discountless and non returnable ship and/or cargo lost or not lost
DNV - Det Norske Veritas (Norwegian classification society/standard) 
Draft - depth to which a ship is immersed in water 
Dunnage - materials, often timber or matting, placed among cargo for separation and increased stability or to protect the tank tops 
DWAT or DWT - deadweight – the weight of the cargo, stores, bunkers, water.

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EIU to Expload

EIU - even if used
ELVENT - electrically ventilated
ETA - estimated time of arrival
ETB - estimated time of berthing
ETC - estimated time of completion
ETD - estimated time of departure
ETS - estimated time of sailing
Expload - expected to load

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FAC to FYI

FAC -fast as can
FAS - free alongside
FEU - forty foot or equivalent unit (container)
FD - free discharge or free despatch
FDD - freight, deadfreight & demurrage
FDES - free despatch
FDEOSDNRSAOCLONL - freight deemed earned on shipment , discountless & Non returnable, ship &/or cargo lost or not lost
FHEX - Fridays & holidays excluded
FHINC - Fridays & holidays included
FILO - free in/liner out
FIO - free in/out – the ship owner does not incur the loading and discharging costs
FIOS - free in/out and stowed.  As per FIO but owner also free to stowage expenses
FIOST - free in/out, stowed and trimmed but can also mean: free in/out and spout trimmed
FIOT - free in/out and trimmed
FLT - full liner terms
FO - free out but can also mean fuel oil
FOB - free onboard
FOW - first open water
FP - free pratique
FRT - freight
FWAD - fresh water arrival draft
FWDD - fresh water departure draft
FYG - for your guidance
FYI - for your information

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GA to GTEE

GA - general average
GA plan - general arrangement plan
GLS (GLESS) - gearless (ship having no cranes or derricks)
GNCN - gencon
GN (or GR) - grain (cubic capacity)
GO - gas oil
GR (or Georot) - geographical rotation
Grain capacity - cubic capacity of a cargo hold or holds measured for bulk cargoes
GRT - gross registered tonnage
GSB - good and safe berth
GSP - good and safe port
GTEE - guarantee

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HA to HW

HA - hatch
H and M - hull and machinery
HBF - harmless bulk fertiliser
HBI - Hot Briquetted Iron
HHDW - heavy, handy, deadweight (type of scrap)
HMS - heavy melting scrap
HO - holds (compartment below deck for cargo)
HRC - Hot Rolled Coils
HSS - Heavy grain sorghums and soyas
HTUTC - half time used to count (in relation to laytime)
HW - high water

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IACS to IWL

IACS - International Association of Classification Societies
IFO - Intermediate Fuel Oil
IGS - inert gas system
ILOHC - In lieu of hold cleaning (on redelivering a vessel)
ILOW - in lieu of weighing (usually expressed as a percentage, for example 0.5% of freight – for cargoes with high moisture content where the freight is paid on the bill of lading quantity as the delivered weight will be less as the moisture content will reduce during the voyage)
IMO - International Maritime Organisation
INDIC - indication
INL - international navigational limits
ITF - International Transport Workers Federation (crew trade union)
ISM - International Safety Management
ISPS - International Ships and Port Security system
IU - if used
IWL - Institute Warranty Limits

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LAYCAN to LTS

Laycan (also L/C) - laydays and cancelling dates
Laytime - time at charterers disposal for the purpose of loading &/or discharging
LBP - length between perpendiculars (of a ship)
LIFO - liner in free out
LMAA - London Maritime Arbitrators Association
LOA - length over all (of the ship)
LOC - letter of credit
LOF - lloyd’s open form
LOI - letter of indemnity
LOW - last open water
LS (or LSUM) - lumpsum
LSFO - low sulphur fuel oil
LT - liner terms – also can mean long tons (2240 lbs)
LTS - laytime saved (laytime)

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MARPOL to MV

MARPOL - convention for prevention of pollution from ships
MDO - marine diesel oil
MGO - marine gas oil
Midship - approximately equidistant from bow and stern of ship
MIN/MAX - minimum/maximum (usually cargo quantity or time charter period)
MOA - memorandum of agreement
MOLCHOPT - more or less in charterers option
MOLOO - more or less in owners option
MOP - Muriate of Potash
MT - metric ton (tonne) 1000 kilos
MV - motor vessel

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NAABSA to NYPE

NAABSA - not always afloat but safely aground
NCB - National Cargo Bureau
NK -  Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (Japanese classification Society/standard)
Non Reversible - refers to laytime – the time allowed for loading respectively discharging cannot be computed together
NOR - notice of readiness
NRT - net registered tonnage
NYPE - New York Produce Exchange

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OO to OWS

OO - owners option
OBO - ore/bulk/oil (vessel)
OWS - owners

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P&I to PWWD

P&I - protection & indemnity (insurance)
PDPR - per day or pro rata
PHPD - per hatch per day
PICO - port in charterer’s option
PUS - past us
PWH - per workable hatch
PWHPD - per workable hatch per day
PWWD - per weather working day

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QWT

QWT - quay weight and tonnage dues (German ports)

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RCVR to RORO

RCVR - receiver
Reversible - laytime for loading and discharging can be computed together
ROB - remaining onboard (bunkers)
RORO - roll on and roll off (vehicle carrier)

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TEU to TW

TEU - twenty foot equivalent unit (containers)
TBN - to be named or to be nominated or to be narrowed
TBRN - to be re-named
TC - time charter
TCP - time charter party
TCT - time charter trip
TFW - tropical fresh water
TIP - taking inward pilot
TPC - tons per centimetre (immersion)
TPI - tons per inch (immersion)
TSP - Triple Super Phosphate
TT - turntime
TTBE - turntime both ends
TTL - total
TW - tween deck (vessel)

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SATPM to SWL

SATPM - Saturday, after noon
SB - safe berth
SD - single deck (vessel)
SDBC - single deck bulkcarrier
SG - specific gravity
SP - safe port
SELFD (or) SELFDIS - self discharge (vessel)
SF - stowage factor (of cargo)
SHINC or SC - Sundays & holidays included
SHEX or SX - Sundays & holidays excluded
SMC - safety management certificate (under ISM code see above)
SOF - statement of facts
SOLAS - Safety of Life at Sea convention
S/R/B/L - signing and releasing Bills of Lading
SS - special survey
SSHEX (or SATSHEX) - Saturdays, Sundays & holidays excluded
SSHINC (or SATSHINC) - Saturdays, Sundays & holidays included
SSW - summer salt water
ST - short ton (2000 lbs)
STBC - self trimming bulk carrier. Describes a bulk carrier that is capable of loading a full cargo of free-flowing grain without trimming (other than spout/loader trimming) to the cargo after the completion of loading. This is a customary term in charter negotiations but when chartering, the term should not normally be used without offering additional explanation of exactly what is meant.
SWAD - salt water arrival draft
SWDD - salt water departure draft
SWL - safe working load

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USAC to UUIWCATUTC

USAC - United States Atlantic Coast
USC - unless sooner commenced
USG - United States Gulf (of Mexico)
USNH - United States north of Cape Hateras
UU - unless used
UUIWCATUTC - unless used in which case actual time used to count (in relation to laytime)

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WCCON to WWWW

WCCON - whether customs cleared or not
WECON - whether entered customs or not
WIBON - whether in berth or not
WIFPON - whether in free pratique or not
WIPON - whether in port or not
WLTHC - water line to top of hatch coming (the distance)
WMT - Wet Metric Tons (Being the weight of cargo loaded before the voyage commences typically for iron ore and concentrates)
WOG - without guarantee
WP - weather permitting
WTS - working time saved (laytime)
WWD - weather working day
WRIC - wire rods in coils
WW - world wide
WWF - Waterside Workers Federation (Australian Union)
WWR - when and where ready
WWWW - wibon, wccon (or wecon), wifpon, wipon

 
 
 
 

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